Ruby, also known as “Manik” in Sanskrit, is a variety of the mineral corundum and is prized for its brilliant red color. Rubies are composed of aluminum oxide, with chromium as the trace element that gives it its red color. The intensity and hue of the red can vary, with the most highly sought-after being a deep, vivid red.
Ruby stone has a long history of use in jewelry and has been prized for centuries in cultures around the world. In ancient Hindu tradition, ruby was believed to represent the sun and was thought to bring good fortune, protection, and vitality to those who wore it. The ancient Persians believed that rubies had the power to protect their owners from evil and to provide wisdom, health, and wealth.
Ruby is a durable and hard stone, with a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale, making it suitable for use in rings, necklaces, and other jewelry. Its durability and beauty make it one of the most valuable gems in the world, and it is often considered one of the “big three” gems along with diamond and sapphire.
Ruby is mined in several countries around the world, including Myanmar, Thailand, Madagascar, Afghanistan, and Tanzania. The quality of rubies can vary greatly, with the finest specimens being highly transparent with no visible inclusions. Inclusions, or internal flaws, can reduce the value of a ruby. The color, clarity, cut, and carat weight are all factors that determine the value of a ruby.
Ruby is often treated to improve its appearance, with common treatments including heat treatment, dyeing, and fracture filling. It is important for consumers to be aware of these treatments and to purchase rubies from reputable sources to ensure that they are getting high-quality gemstones.
In conclusion, ruby is a beautiful and valuable gemstone that has been prized for centuries for its brilliant red color and durability. Its rich history, rarity, and beauty make it a highly sought-after gem for use in jewelry and other decorative items. When purchasing ruby, it is important to consider the quality and authenticity of the stone and to purchase from a reputable source to ensure that you are getting a high-quality gemstone.